Peter’s keys. (Acts 8:30, 31) Jehovah’s Witnesses offer a free Bible study program. He was conferring power for saving and not for barring from salvation.
Cf. On this is erected the church, out of those living stones (lithoi zontes, 1 Peter 2:4) that know and confess Jesus the Christ. When the question is raised of the extension of these prerogatives beyond Peter and the popes, all sorts of views are held, concerning both the fact and the method of that extension.
The possibilities have been exhausted in the interpretations and applications advocated.
Luke 11:52 criticizes the Jewish lawyers for taking away the key of knowledge, i.e. Be humble, since God opposes the proud. Be consistent. Data for Deciding the Questions Involved. Proud member The Greek in Matthew 16:19 Matthew 16:19And I will give to you the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatever you shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatever you shall loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.American King James Version×(as well as Matthew 18:18 Matthew 18:18Truly I say to you, Whatever you shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatever you shall loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.American King James Version×and John 20:23 John 20:23Whose soever sins you remit, they are remitted to them; and whose soever sins you retain, they are retained.American King James Version×) is not always clearly translated. Significant for our purpose are the presence of others than the apostles, the gift of the Holy Spirit, His own self-projection in His messengers, and the solemn statement that the sins of men will be retained or forgiven as it is done through these followers. Bible Verses About Prayer, Bible Verses About Children Sadly, many falsely claim this authority and misuse it. A trusted servant to the king wore the key to the king's house on a hook on his shoulder. To dream of a key represents feelings of access, control, or freedom to do something. What are the "keys of the kingdom" referred to in... And the key of the house of David will I lay on his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open. For example, in the 2nd cent. American King James Version ×, we see Eliakim the priest receiving "the key of the house of David…on his shoulder. Such a shifting of figure is not conclusive against the thought. (3) James 5:14 recognizes the value of elders, and probably of others also, in securing the forgiveness of them that have sinned. It is to be opened in the end-time so that demonic locusts can blight the earth, and once again at the beginning of the millennium so that Satan can be incarcerated in it.
Are they official or personal? Can the powers be exercised by individuals or by the church alone? By comparing this with the corresponding account in Luke 24 we see that Jesus is directing that they shall carry on His work (see also John 14:12-14; 15:15,16), that He teaches them at length of the nature of His work as seen in the Old Testament, and that the method of their work is to be preaching repentance and remission of sins in His name among all nations.
Help for Today, Hope for Tomorrow | Learn more... With a UCG.org account you will be able to save items to read and study later! The Bible frequently speaks of keys as representing control or authority over something or someone. 1. Keys, Power Of The 1. (1) There is strong support for the view that the primary function of the keys lies in determining the teaching of the kingdom, maintaining purity of doctrine. Similarly, no man could disallow someone access to the Kingdom whom God would invite into it. And the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star fall from heaven unto the earth: and to him was given the key of the bottomless pit. And I say also to you, That you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
This does not mean that men have the power to forgive sins. We conclude that the power is not a special privilege and extraordinary authority, but a responsibility entrusted by Jesus Christ as the method of extending His work. : What seems to the writer a fundamental question here is either passed over very lightly or entirely omitted in the discussions of this subject. (2) In the Roman Catholic church we find insistence on distinguishing between the general authority of the keys in all affairs of the church and religion, and the binding and loosing which they specifically apply to absolution. There is general--not absolute--agreement that the holder of the keys is to admit men into the kingdom. The Bible uses a key as a symbol of authority. It is thus that binding and loosing in teaching devolve upon the holders of the keys. (2) As to binding and loosing sins Peter speaks in the cases of Ananias and Sapphira (Acts 5), Simon Magus (Acts 8), and in deciding upon the baptism of Cornelius and his household (Acts 10:48). Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools.
It is also to be noted that the responsibility is placed upon the individual Christian to cooperate with others when necessary. It is upon this rock—Jesus Christ—that our faith stands, Matthew 7:24-25 Matthew 7:24-25  Therefore whoever hears these sayings of mine, and does them, I will liken him to a wise man, which built his house on a rock: (1) Generally speaking, the Roman Catholic church gives to Peter a unique position. After they were converted they spread the true gospel to the entirety of the world. "Woe to you lawyers!
All rights reserved. (1 Thessalonians 2:13; James 4:6) However, avoid blind faith—God wants you to use your “power of reason.”—Romans 12:1, 2. This is only interpreting and applying the principles that are given us in the Scriptures.
(2) Matthew 9:8 shows that the multitude recognized that God had given power on earth to pronounce forgiveness of sins, and apparently they do not limit this power to the Divine Person, for they do not yet know Him as such. Get help from others. Men on earth will either fall under the power of death and Hades or they must enter the kingdom of heaven. In Isaiah 22:22 Isaiah 22:22 And the key of the house of David will I lay on his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open. for ye have taken away the key of knowledge: ye entered not in yourselves, and them that were entering in ye hindered. See further ABSOLUTION; IMPOSITION OF HANDS; PETER; ROCK.
And are built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone; Whose soever sins you remit, they are remitted to them; and whose soever sins you retain, they are retained. Any claims to this are contradicted by facts obvious at every moment of history. Bible Verses About Trust (5) Revelation 9:1; 20:1 are to be taken together. (1) Matthew 16:19, the crucial passage, is part of paragraph over which there is no end of controversy. A key indicates control or authority; therefore, having the Key of David would give one control of David’s domain, i.e., Jerusalem, the City of David, and the kingdom of Israel. 4. It is important to realize that the “rock” of Matthew 16:18 Matthew 16:18And I say also to you, That you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.American King James Version×is Jesus, not Peter. The strict school of Shammai bound many things loosed by the laxer school of Hillel (Broadus, Matthew). The Bible itself provides many of the keys to understanding it. The first time it appears is in Revelation where it states, "To the angel of the church in Philadelphia write . In ancient Israel, the human king was in fact the steward of God, the true King of the land. Accept the Bible as God’s Word. And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Whose soever sins ye forgive, they are forgiven unto them; whose soever ye retain, they are retained." Here, note that the second and third occurrences of the personal pronoun as shown in the King James Version is "ye" (the second person plural form of you), indicating that Christ is addressing more than one person—that is, all of His faithful apostles. The Bible is providing answers to life’s big questions for millions of people around the world. The key of David.
Judges 3:25 refers to the key to the doors of King Eglon’s private quarters; in this case alone is the word “key” used non-fig. Print Friendly. You will benefit much more from Bible study if you do it regularly rather than sporadically.—Joshua 1:8. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things said he that is holy, he that is true, he that has the key of David, he that opens, and no man shuts; and shuts, and no man opens; And I will give to you the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatever you shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatever you shall loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. I [am] he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death. (iii) by all priests and persons allowed to represent the church, de facto. The keys are primarily for admitting to the kingdom of heaven, not for barring from the church. Isaiah 22:22 refers to the investing of Eliakim, the son of Hilkiah, with the authority of comptroller of David’s household: “I [Yahweh] will lay the key of the house of David on his shoulder; what he opens no man shall shut and what he shuts no man shall open” (NEB).
our Lord accused the teachers of the law of His day of taking away "the key of knowledge" from men, that is, locking the doors of truth against them (Luke 11:52; compare Matthew 23:13). With that authority, only Jesus can allow or disallow someone entrance into the Kingdom—but no man had or has that authority. See 1 Corinthians 5 or 2 Thessalonians 3:14 2 Thessalonians 3:14And if any man obey not our word by this letter, note that man, and have no company with him, that he may be ashamed.American King James Version×. The holder of the keys is any man with that experience that called forth from Jesus the assurance... 3. And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth; And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.
Peter was a leading apostle of the early New Testament Church of God for many years, but not its chief cornerstone—that was and is Jesus Christ (Ephesians 2:20 Ephesians 2:20And are built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone;American King James Version×).
It is not needful to determine, for our purpose, the exact meaning of "gates of Hades" and their not prevailing against the church (compare various commentaries). of In the light of Bright’s comment (above) and the Jewish tendency to use “heaven” as a substitute for “God,” the Jewish leaders are accused of preventing the access of men to God’s royal presence. The transition is thus easy to giving Peter the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and the reason for giving them to him rather than to any other may be found in the fact that he is now the first so to enter into the kingdom as to be fitted for church functions.
(2) The plural "keys," occurs elsewhere only in Revelation 1:18, where the Christ represents Himself as holding the keys of death and of Hades. By this means men are admitted into the kingdom. Accept the Bible as God’s Word.
1915. Salem Media Group. How are the facts of having committed to him the keys and the function of binding and loosing related? Understanding the Bible—What Are the Keys?
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