robert cecil, 1st earl of salisbury

If, as has been stated,2 he received a pension also from France, it is not improbable that, like his contemporary Bacon, who accepted presents from suitors on both sides and still gave an independent decree, Cecil may have maintained a freedom from corrupting influences, while his acceptance of money as the price of information concerning the intentions of the government may have formed part of a general policy of cultivating good relations with the two great rivals of England (one advantage of which was the communication of plots formed against the government), and of maintaining the balance of power between them. The King also rewarded Cecil further creating him Viscount Cranborne soon after the treaty had been signed and then Earl of Salisbury the following year. He married Elizabeth, daughter of William Brooke, 5th Baron Cobham, by whom, besides one daughter, he had William (1591-1668), his successor as 2nd earl. Born c.1565 Died 1612. He started on the journey home but died of cancer,[46] "in great pain and even greater wretchedness of mind",[47] at Marlborough, Wiltshire, on 24 May 1612.

In June 1607 he promised the support of the government to the merchants who complained of Spanish ill-usage, but declared that the commons must not meddle with questions of peace and war. The identity of interests between the crown and the nation which had made the reign of Elizabeth so glorious, and which she herself had consummated on the occasion of her last public appearance by a free and voluntary concession of these same impositions, was now destroyed, and a divergence of interests, made patent by vulgar bargaining, was substituted which stimulated the disastrous struggle between sovereign and people, and paralysed the national development for two generations. The identity of interests between the crown and the nation which had made the reign of Elizabeth so glorious, and which she herself had consummated on the occasion of her last public appearance by a free and voluntary concession of these same impositions, was now destroyed, and a divergence of interests, made patent by vulgar bargaining, was substituted which stimulated the disastrous struggle between sovereign and people, and paralysed the national development for two generations. Robert Cecil, 1. He was elected chancellor of the University of Cambridge in February 1601, and obtained the Garter in May 1606. It can scarcely be denied that he rendered substantial services to the state in times of great difficulty and perplexity, and these services would probably have been greater and more permanent had he served a better king and in more propitious times. One historian describes this annual payment as the eventual "implementation of Cecil's Great Contract". Log in or register to write something here or to contact authors. ), Alfredo Colman (pub. of Scotland with Sir R. Cecil, ed.

In short, worth reading for an account of one of Elizabeth I and James I's premier nobles. [citation needed]. Something went wrong. [9] She married Henry Clifford, 5th Earl of Cumberland. with Sir Robert Cecil, in 1861 (Camden Society), and by Ed. He fell into dispute with Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, and only prevailed upon the latter's poor campaign against the Irish rebels during the Nine Years War in 1599. In 1597 he was made Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, and in 1598 despatched on a mission to Henry IV of France, to prevent the impending alliance between that country and Spain. Created Viscount Cranborne in 1604 and 1st Earl of Salisbury in 1605. He also hoped, like his father, to make England the head of the Protestant alliance abroad; and his last energies were expended in effecting the marriage in 1612 of the princess Elizabeth, James's daughter, with the Elector Palatine. Lodge, in Illustrations of English History, in 1838. The "Rainbow portrait" of Queen Elizabeth at Hatfield, decorated with eyes and ears, may relate to this role. In 1584 he was sent to France, and was returned the same year to parliament, and again in 1586, as member for Westminster. He was followed by a daughter, Lady Frances Cecil (1593–1644). Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, KG, PC (1 June 1563 – 24 May 1612) was an English statesman noted for his direction of the government during the Union of the Crowns, as Tudor England gave way to Stuart rule (1603). By this measure, and by a more careful collection, the ordinary income was raised to £460,000, while £700,000 was paid off the debt, leaving at the beginning of 1610 the sum of £300,000. Essex's unsuccessful rebellion in 1601, which resulted in his final downfall and death, was largely aimed at Cecil, who was to be removed from power and impeached. The Cecils: Privilege and power behind the throne, Patriot or Traitor: The Life and Death of Sir Walter Ralegh, William Cecil: The Power Behind Elizabeth. The Gunpowder Plot itself was a belated reaction to what was seen as the King's betrayal of a pledge to repeal, or at least mitigate, the Penal Laws.

ii. [11]:76 He became the leading minister after the death of his father in 1598, serving both Queen Elizabeth and King James as Secretary of State. Hitherto Cecil's enemies had persuaded James that the secretary was unfavourable to his claims to the English throne. Dundas had heard Cecil was completing a gallery in one of his houses and would like paintings with "such toys" or emblems as he had seen himself in Scotland. He was not a healthy child, being a slight hunch back. Meanwhile Cecil's success had completed the discontent of Raleigh, who, exasperated at his dismissal from the captaincy of the guard, became involved whether innocently or not is uncertain in the treasonable conspiracy known as the Rye Plot. Elizabeth roused herself one last time to snap at him: "Little man, little man, 'Must' is not a word to use to princes. Genealogy profile for Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury.

無駄の一切ない、客観的な視点から書かれており、気の利いた言い回しや警句めいたものがなく、徹底して事実のみを書いています。私はこういう歴史書が一番好きです。. Writing later in the reign of James, Cecil says: "If Her Majesty had known all I did, how well these (? It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. 4 Gardiner, History of England, i. Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea! Work continued on the house until 1612. In 1607 he exchanged, at the king's request, his estate of Theobalds in Hertfordshire for Hatfield. probably tinged with some personal animus, and instigated by the hope of recommending himself to James as his successor; but there is little doubt that his acute and penetrating description of Salisbury to James as "one fit to prevent things from growing worse but not fit to make them better", as "one greater in operatione than in opere", is a true one.3 Elsewhere Bacon accuses him of "an artificial animating of the negative" in modern language, of official obstruction and red tape. His death was officially listed as one of natural causes, although some have argued that he was poisoned in order to prevent him from making revelations which would not have been in either Salisbury or William Parker, 4th Baron Monteagle's interests. But a want of statesmanship had been shown by Salisbury in forcing the king's legal right to levy impositions against the remonstrances of the parliament. [15], It is to Cecil's credit that the Queen, largely at his urging, treated the rebels with a degree of mercy which was unusual in that age. [20] Around 1600, he began a secret correspondence with James in Scotland, to persuade James that he favoured his claims to the English throne. 305 and 354), and An Answer to Certain Scandalous Papers scattered abroad under Colour of a Catholick Admonition (1606), justifying his attitude towards recusants after the discovery of the Gunpowder Plot (Han. died May 24, 1612, Marlborough, Wiltshire English statesman. If, as has been stated,2 he received a pension also from France, it is not improbable that, like his contemporary Bacon, who accepted presents from suitors on both sides and still gave an independent decree, Cecil may have maintained a freedom from corrupting influences, while his acceptance of money as the price of information concerning the intentions of the government may have formed part of a general policy of cultivating good relations with the two great rivals of England (one advantage of which was the communication of plots formed against the government), and of maintaining the balance of power between them. Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, KG, PC (1 June 1563 – 24 May 1612) was an English statesman noted for his direction of the government during the Union of the Crowns, as Tudor England gave way to Stuart rule (1603). Robert Cecil's motto was "Sero, sed serio", which can be translated as 'late but in earnest'.

At the time his father was Secretary of State and the main advisor to Queen Elizabeth.

Writing later in the reign of James, Cecil says: "If Her Majesty had known all I did, how well these (?she) should have known the innocency and constancy of my present faith, yet her age and orbity, joined to the jealousy of her sex, might have moved her to think ill of that which helped to preserve her"1.

He was educated in his father's house and at Cambridge University. Owing to Cecil's action, on the death of Elizabeth on the 24th of March, 1603, James was proclaimed king, and took possession of the throne without opposition.

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