jonathan in the bible

Discover the top Bible verses about Jonathan from the Old and New Testaments. 16. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Bibliography W. P. Paterson, “Jonathan,” HDB, II (1934), 753-755; D. F. Roberts, “Jonathan,” ISBE, III (1952), 1730; J Knox, “Jonathan,” IDB, II (1962), 967f. 15. Jonathan … He either killed the “prefect,” the officer of the Philistines, or destroyed a Philistine “garrison” by means of a surprise attack. Friendship with David. intended to harass the tribes of Israel and to scatter Saul’s forces before he was in a position for a decisive encounter. The first battle mentioned in the Bible under King Saul’s reign was fought and won completely by Jonathan, when he attacked and defeated a garrison of about 20 Philistine soldiers. He is called the son of Shagee the Hararite in 1 Chronicles 11:34. [10] Saul even goes so far as to attempt to kill Jonathan by throwing a javelin at him during a fit of paranoid rage.

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Son of Shimei (2 Sam 21:21) or Shimea (1 Chron 20:7), David’s brother. There, the two would make a covenant before the Lord before going their separate ways (1 Samuel 23:15 – 18).[2]. 3. Later, when Adonijah proclaimed himself successor to his father David, Jonathan carried word to the celebrants at En-rogel that King David had ordered Solomon anointed king at Gihon (1 Kings 1:42-45). Descendants. With Ahimaaz the son of Zadok, he acted as a courier for David during the revolt by Absalom. How much time had elapsed during the period of inactivity is indefinite, but Saul had waited at least seven days for the appearance of Samuel.

They refer to 1 Samuel 18:1-3 which says twice that Jonathan loved David. 25 The entire army entered the woods, and there was honey on the ground. Jonathan crossed over the deep and precipitous Wadi Suweinit which separates Geba from Michmash. Later, David removed the bones of Saul and Jonathan from Jabesh-gilead and buried them in the tomb of Kish in Zela of Benjamin (2 Sam 21:12-14). A sanctuary was established at Dan—a site formerly called Laish—where Jonathan and his descendants served as priests until the fall of Israel to the Assyrians in the 8th cent. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Jonathan, ignorant of the oath, ate some honey he found along the way (14:27). Bibliography G. B. Caird, I and II Samuel, IB, II (1953); H. W. Hertzberg, I and II Samuel (1964). Either event would be sufficient to bring down wrath from the Philistines. 2, 2019, p. 95, "The Reinterment of Saul and Jonathan’s Bones (II Sam 21, 12–14) in Light of Ancient Greek Hero-Cult Stories",, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 October 2020, at 12:58. Jonathan’s guilelessness and naivete are clearly evident when he confidently asserts, “ father does nothing either great or small without disclosing it to me” (20:2). Edelman, Diana. Bibliography J. M. Myers, “Judges,” IB, II (1953), 801-808; Y. Kaufmann, The Religion of Israel (1960), 196 (fn.

12); R. de Vaux, Ancient Israel (1961), 307f. He was possibly a contemporary of Ezra, for Jehohanan the son (descendant) of Eliashib is mentioned as having a chamber which Ezra used for meditation and mourning over the conditions in Judah (Ezra 10:6). One of the sons of Kareah (Jer 40:8 in MT and KJV). ; J. Arman, “Jonathan,” EBi, III (1965), 532f. [14], This article is about the Biblical person from 1 Samuel.

Military success at Michmash. So Saul blew the ram’s horn throughout the land, saying, “Let the Hebrews hear!” New American Standard Bible Jonathan smote the garrison of the Philistines that was in … JONATHAN jon’ ə thən (יְהﯴנָתָ֜ן, Yahweh has given; ̓Ιωνάθης, ̓Ιωνάθαν).A common name among the Israelites in all periods. Son of Asahel, who, with Jahzeiah the son of Tikvah, either supported (KJV) or opposed (RSV) the formation of an investigative committee to look into the matter of interracial marriages among the Jews in Judah (Ezra 10:15; 1 Esd 9:14). Son of Uzziah and overseer of the provincial storehouses (treasuries) in the country, cities, villages, and the towers during the reign of David (27:25).

Son of Shemaiah and father of Zechariah who was one of the priests with a trumpet who accompanied Ezra in the ceremony to mark the completion of the rebuilding of the wall (Neh 12:35). 18. 20:32-33), which suggests David had never wronged Saul.

J. Morgenstern, “David and Jonathan,” JBL, LXXVIII [1959], 322-325). Jonathan was a remarkable Bible figure in the Old Testament. Bibliography R. A. 13. 2. He had nothing to gain by his unceasing devotion, but everything to lose. A wise and understanding counselor of David, and also a scribe. Son of Mattathias, surnamed Apphus (1 Macc 2:5). Through a predetermined sign—the response of the Philistine sentries—Jonathan ascertained the will of God and fell upon the Philistine camp, killing about twenty men (14:8-14). New York: Doubleday, 1992, 1:118: Bar, Shaul. 8). The men of Jabesh-gilead rescued the bodies of Saul and his sons from the walls of Beth-shan and gave them a burial worthy of heroes (1 Sam 31:11-13). Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Like his father, he was a man of great strength and swiftness (2 Samuel 1:23), and he excelled in archery (1 Samuel 20:20, 2 Samuel 1:22) and slinging (1 Chronicles 12:2).[2]. 3. Arrested by Trypho through treachery, he was subsequently murdered after Simon had paid a ransom for his release (12:48ff.). 10. If Jonathan had lived, he had the right to become Israel’s king after Saul’s death. A second covenant arose out of this meeting which stressed David’s attitude toward Jonathan and his descendants. 2. May you find some insight from these related scripture quotes! To find the full context of shorter scripture quotes, click on "Chapter" above each verse. Later, when some of the Danites migrated to the N, they stopped again at the house of Micah, stole the cultic equipment accumulated by Micah (including a graven and molten image—whether one or two images is meant is uncertain—an ephod, and teraphim) and talked the willing Jonathan into becoming priest for the entire tribe of Dan (18:14-20). Jonathan acknowledged that David would be the next king, and he wished David to swear that he would have mercy on his house (20:14-17).

12. Death. The story of David and Jonathan is introduced in chapter 18, where it says that "Jonathan became one in spirit with David, and he loved him as himself" (verse 1). (David Noel Freedman. All the forces of Israel were at Geba when Jonathan and his armor-bearer decided to probe the Philistine defenses (14:1). No other friendship has surpassed that of his for David. Uncle (dōd) of David (27:32). He stated clearly that David would be the next king and claimed that his father Saul also realized this fact. Bible Answer: Some claim that King David and Jonathan were gay. cit., 196-199. Jonathan died at the battle of Mount Gilboa along with his father and brothers[12] (1 Samuel 31). cit., 786-789; J. M. Myers, op. While this is an "idiom of insult directed at Jonathan",[8] some scholars see in this verse support for the theory that Ahinoam, the wife of Saul was also the wife of David. All rights reserved. [2] [13] Jonathan was the father of Mephibosheth, to whom David showed special kindness for Jonathan's sake (2 Samuel 9), which memorably included describing the love between the two men as superior to the love that David experienced from women. He should not be confused with the son of Shammah (No. A leader during the Maccabean revolt and successor to Judah. Despite his father’s known enmity toward David, Jonathan visited him at Horesh. Son of “Shammah the Hararite” (2 Sam 23:33). Son of Jada, brother of Jether, nephew of Shammai, and father of Peleth and Zaza, a descendant of the line of Jerahmeel who allied themselves with the tribe of Judah (2:32f.).

47, No. J. Morgenstern, “David and Jonathan,” JBL, LXXVIII [1959], 322-325). Berean Study Bible Then Jonathan attacked the Philistine outpost at Geba, and the Philistines heard about it. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Discover the top Bible verses about Jonathan from the Old and New Testaments. Saul would have killed his own son, but the people ransomed him (14:45). 24 Now the Israelites were in distress that day, because Saul had bound the people under an oath, saying, “Cursed be anyone who eats food before evening comes, before I have avenged myself on my enemies!” So none of the troops tasted food. Some have preferred to read dōd as “brother’s son” or “kinsman” (2 Sam 21:21; 1 Chron 20:7), and thus equate him with the son of Shimei, David’s brother. Bibliography R. A. (b) Eventually, however, Saul again decided to rid himself of his rival by direct means. Saul suspects that Jonathan is colluding with David, who he believes is conspiring to overthrow him. Salem Media Group. He was the first-born son and heir apparent to the throne of Israel (for an alternate view, cf. By means of a plan devised by David, Jonathan learned the real intent of his father and relayed this information to David. One of the line of high priests who returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel and Jeshua (Neh 12:11). His act prevented the function of the oracle, and his sin was discovered (14:27, 42). What does the Bible say about Jonathan? 5. André Gide's play Saul portrays Jonathan as "a beautiful, fainting, effeminate creature, in a state of hysterical rapture over David’s physical strength." A secretary during the reign of King Zedekiah of Judah whose house was used as a prison in which Jeremiah was confined (Jer 37:15, 20; 38:26). May you find some insight from these related scripture quotes!To find the full context of shorter scripture quotes, click on "Chapter" above each verse. Read through the biblical references of Jonathan to learn more about its meaning and significance.

Bible Question: Did King David and Jonathan have a same sex relationship? What does the Bible say about Jonathan?

4. Proud member b.c. Son of Gershom and grandson of Moses (Judg 18:30). Saul commanded a larger detachment of 2,000 troops in Michmash (13:5). Yet, this was Jonathan, the king’s oldest son, David’s closest friend, a great hero and a man of God. [3], A homoerotic, chaste or otherwise, interpretation of the story of David and Jonathan has been adopted by one writer. ed.) Jonathan, apparently unaware of Saul’s intentions, was approached by David in an attempt to ascertain the reasoning behind Saul’s action. He occupied the city (13:11). David kept this covenant and proved himself true to his friend.

Though in a very difficult position, Jonathan remained true to David until that fateful day when he also proved his undying devotion to his father on Mount Gilboa. (c) The third covenant is mentioned only briefly (23:18).

in 1 Samuel 20:30. Jonathan first appears in the biblical narrative as the victor of Geba, a Philistine stronghold (1 Samuel 13), while in the following chapter he carries out a lone and secret attack on another Philistine garrison, demonstrating his "prowess and courage as a warrior. Saul insults Jonathan calling him the "...son of a perverse and rebellious woman!" 1. dōd) of David>8. The young men waited at En-rogel (17:17) for word brought by a maidservant concerning events in Jerusalem, and this word they carried to David at the fords of the Jordan.

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He was the first-born son and heir apparent to the throne of Israel (for an alternate view, cf. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information.

11. 6. Father of Ebed, who was head of the family of Adin, who returned to Jerusalem from the Exile with fifty of his kinsmen and Ezra the scribe (Ezra 8:6; 1 Esd 8:32). Saul called for the mobilization of the militia (13:4), but most of the people either hid in caves, holes, cisterns and tombs, or fled across the Jordan to the E (13:6, 7).

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