In the EIA 2020 draft the composition of the central and state body have been specified very descriptively. This would be highly exclusionary for those whose environmental rights are affected by capitalist interests. Earlier, a similar notification from the MoEFCC was set aside by the National Green Tribunal in 2017. Environmental Impact Assessment or EIA is the process or study which predicts the effect of a proposed industrial or infrastructural project on the environment.
Thus, the notification attempts to encroach into the law-making function of the legislature. The Ministry of Forestry and Environment, Government of India has issued the Environment Impact Assessment draft (EIA) which is there at the phase of receiving public response. But it was only after the Bhopal gas leak disaster in 1984 that the country legislated an umbrella Act for environmental protection in 1986.
6 online low priced professional courses with certificate on completion one should do. But in the new draft there specifies some conciliation methods which are considered as danger to the environment. But the time duration has been widened in the new EIA draft. For example, if a mining project is being carried out at someplace which can be potentially hazardous to the nearby population and can contaminate the air, and water nearby, a half-yearly compliance report would better help in addressing these concerns. This is one of the positive sides of the EIA Draft 2020 where the EIA 2006 lacks to have. In the screening stage the SEAC classifies the project into category B1 and category B2. Ltd.)641, 1st Floor, Dr. Mukherjee Nagar, Opp Signature View Apartment, New Delhi-110009, Please login or register to view note list, Please login or register to list article as bookmarked, Please login or register to make your note, Please login or register to list article as progressed, Copyright © 2018-2020 Drishti The Vision Foundation, India. Watch | What is EIA and why is India's new EIA draft problematic? Additionally, India is a party to the Convention on Biological Diversity, 1992, ratifying, “sustainably using components of biological diversity” but such easing of regulations can only inspire depletion of environmental resources at the hands of government discretion motivated by political and capitalist interests.
EIA is an internationally used mandatory regulatory procedure to approve projects that impact natural resources. These 40 projects include large scale projects like Solar PhotoVoltaic (PV) Power projects, Solar Thermal Power Plants and development of Solar Parks, etc.
Activists moved court, leading to the extension on Tuesday. – Dublin Law & Politics Review, Comparative Analysis: EIA Draft, 2020 v. IAA, 2019 – The Law Blog.
This article is based on “Undemocratic Evasion of Environmental Responsibility” which was published in The Economic and Political Weekly on 02/05/2020. The categorisation is not just category A and Category B instead it is Category A, Category B1 and Category B2.
This was after the government had changed the deadline from August 10 to June 30. Non-compliance was encountered particularly in river valley and hydroelectric power projects and thermal power projects.
Such acts prioritising progress over human and environmental well-being seem to be guided by capitalistic anxieties to ease business and attract foreign-domestic investments.
All a violator will need are two plans for remediation and resource augmentation corresponding to 1.5-2 times “the ecological damage assessed and economic benefit derived due to violation”. Under fundamental rights enshrined in the constitution, Article 21 provides for Right to Life that has been interpreted as Right to Life and Healthy environment.
However, it is pertinent to balance the need for economic growth and environmental concerns and this responsibility lies not only on individuals but also the State.
One may think it as a very good initiative of strictness but when we look into the categorisation changes, we may see some concerns. The 2020 draft says no information on “such projects shall be placed in the public domain”. However, we have a request for those who can afford to subscribe: please do.
EIA 2020 draft has been censured from the day it was declared by the Modi Govt because of the major problems and lugholes in it. The latest draft continues to move in the direction of rendering the EIA process a mere formality. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. The Draft handicaps the punitive hue of environmental violations by prescribing mere monetary fines instead of criminal sanctions.
The Preamble of the EPA,1986 states its purpose as the implementation of the UN Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm, 1972. Activists claim that far from an improvement, the 2020 draft is a regressive departure from the 2006 version it seeks to replace. Your support for our journalism is invaluable. An economic analysis would suggest that unless the benefits of violating a law are less than the costs incurred as punishment for violating the law in the form of corresponding fines (criminal or monetary), a law is not effective. But for the category B clearance is obtained from the State Level Appraisal committee (SEAC).
There is apprehension that the exemption from EIA and public consultation for listed B2 category activity and expansion and modernisation projects will seriously affect the environment, since these will be carried out without oversight. EIA Draft 2020 is to published in the Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part-II, Section 3, Subsection (ii). During this period, certain irreversible environmental, social or health consequences of the project could go unnoticed because of the extended reporting time.
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