child soldiers of congo


The key concepts include child militarization, social identity, social background, voluntary and enforced enlistment to the army, and social acceptance. Typically, this classification includes children serving in non-combatant roles, as well as those serving in combatant roles.
As one former child soldier, Ishmael Beah, put it: “...shooting someone became like drinking a glass of water.”. Through a series of shifts in power, Mobutu was able to maneuver his way solidly into the presidency. As justification for this Obama stated that the nations involved were important in that they cooperated with interests essential to US foreign policy. Child Soldiers in the Democratic Republic of Congo . "Child Soldiers in Democratic Republic of the Congo." [12] In fact, according to a paper published by The International Peace Support Training Centre in Nairobi, Kenya, girls constitute a very large portion of child soldiers in the Democratic Republic of the Congo; roughly 40%. For seven long years, from the age of five until the age of twelve, I was trafficked by a pedophile ring. For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript. IvyPanda. It has signed all relevant international treaties and protocols, and has negotiated regional agreements. Burma, Chad, the DRC, Somalia, Sudan and Yemen. Many studies investigate the consequences of such experience, try to define the severity of psychological traumas, and attempt to suggest the level of effectiveness of methods used to deal with the implications of child militarization. The Mouvement pour la libération du Congo (MLC), Movement for the Liberation of Congo, supported by the Ugandan army, acknowledged that it had 1,800 child soldiers in its ranks. Child Soldiers in Democratic Republic of the Congo, National Identity Cards in Developing Countries, Medicinal Militarization - Triumph of the Will. IvyPanda. The Rwandan Armed Forces, and guerrilla groups it had helped to create, began to fight the Hutu groups, and to push for the overthrow of Mobutu. [5], It is estimated in the academic literature that up to 300,000 children form a part of both irregular, and regular armed forces worldwide, and that this number is increasing. The film Invisible Children, for example, highlighted the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) and the way they would kidnap children into armed rebel camps. The attackers allegedly went on an "indiscriminate killing spree", killing at least 200 civilians, imprisoning survivors in a room filled with corpses, and sexually enslaving women and girls. The Kivu conflict began in 2004 in the eastern Congo as an armed conflict between the military of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (FARDC) and the Hutu Power group Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. He quickly turned the country into a one-party state, and ruled for over thirty years. The concept of free-will participation in the army is supported by most studies, as lack of economic stability and stable sources of income are described by most researchers as the main social stimulus for participation in military organizations. [8] The DRC is a signatory of both of these agreements. Print. A common practice in Haiti that forces children to work as domestic servants. Transitional Justice for Child Soldiers: Accountability and Social Reconstruction in Post-Conflict Contexts, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. IvyPanda. Many have committed acts they know to be unspeakable, and they have hardened themselves in order to deal with what they have seen. Currently, thousands of children in Congo remain the members of military groups. During the first and second civil conflicts which took place in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), all sides involved in the war actively recruited or conscripted child soldiers, known locally as Kadogos which is a Swahili term meaning "little ones". The Democratic Republic of Congo is one of the postcolonial African countries facing severe crisis. A special kind of notoriety has come to the usage of children as soldiers in recent decades. [3], The former president Laurent Kabila had used children in the conflict from 1996 onwards and it was estimated that up to 10,000 children, some aged only seven years old, served under him. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must. In Sierra Leone, for example, children were used by the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) as executioners. Unfortunately, your browser is too old to work on this site. One of the main arguments present in literary sources investigating the topic of child soldiers in Congo is related to determining whether most of these children are forced to become the members of military groups or make this choice independently.

[10], According to David M. Rosen, criticism has been levelled at the US over its support to nations which do recruit children into their armed forces. Social rejection faced by many children left without family is also identified as a powerful factor stimulating the interest in participating in military groups (Trenholm et al. [4], The International Criminal Court (ICC), in the first trials held on human rights violations in the DRC, led to the first indictments, the first trials and the first convictions, in national jurisprudence for the use of children in combat. As of 2017, the UN listed that seven out of fourteen countries recruiting and using child soldiers in state forces or armed groups were in Africa: Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mali, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan. “Group Trauma-Focused Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy with Former Child Soldiers and Other War-Affected Boys in the DR Congo: A Randomised Controlled Trial.” Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 54.11 (2013): 1231-1241. Child soldiers are used as instruments in war machines that execute even parents and friends. In 2008, it was estimated that 40 percent of child soldiers worldwide were in Africa, and that the use of child soldiers in armed conflict was increasing faster than any other continent. Ugandan soldiers also invaded, fighting alongside the Rwandan troops. “Children, my dear brother, are the best fighters of the century.
Child Labor. He was trained from the age of 12 years old to kill people. The Front for Patriotic Resistance in Ituri is a Bunia-based armed militia and political party primarily active in the south of the Ituri Province of northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. 1. The analysis of the efficacy of methods that are currently used to treat the demobilized child soldiers is also common in literary sources and is helpful in suggesting further actions and understanding social factors influencing the success of rehabilitation processes. On 25 October 2009, Barack Obama waived the restrictions on four of the six nations. The problem continues, and it is not isolated to Africa.

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